The minoan civilization
The Minoans where the first civilization in Europe which gave us:
The first throne
The first flush toilet
The first paved road
The first written language in Europe
The Minoans had agricultural festivals in their palaces all over Crete that lasted 120 days.
The Minoans engaged in bull leaping, a non-violent form of bull fighting, as a religious ritual or as a sport. This ritual is hypothesized to have consisted of an acrobatic leap over a bull, such that when the leaper grasped the bull's horns, the bull would violently jerk its neck upwards, giving the leaper the momentum necessary to perform somersaults and other acrobatic tricks or stunts.
It's important to be noted that they did not kill the bull, for the bull was the subject of veneration and worship.
The Minoan naval power
The Minoans were a far reaching naval power of their day, their big ships where about 50 meters in length and could reach Scandinavia and North America.
Sir Arthur Evans described them as a free and independent people, in ancient Egypt they were called the keftiu.
The Minoan Ladies
The Minoan ladies were portrayed in frescos as bare-chested with makeup on their lips and eyes. Their fashion was consisted by a tight bodice which left the breasts bare, a long flounced skirt, and an apron made of material with embroidered or woven decoration.
Not only were women respected, they were also given positions of authority. The snake priestesses played a dominant role in Minoan society and had many attendance as they represented the mother goddess. They also used bathtubs
The Minoan language
Minoan is mainly known from the inscriptions in Linear A, which are fairly legible by comparison with Linear B. The Cretan hieroglyphs are dated from the first half of the 2nd millennium BCE. The Linear A texts, mostly written in clay tablets, are spread all over Crete with more than 40 localities on the island.